Weekly health briefs rail.

TIP OF THE WEEK

Stay safe in summer sports

Cycling, kayaking, baseball, skateboarding — many fun summer sports require the use of a helmet to protect your head from injury. However, bumps and blows to the head can still happen. It’s important to know the signs of concussion, a potentially serious injury that occurs when the brain collides with the inside of the skull.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, signs and symptoms of concussion can include:

— Headache

— Fuzzy or blurry vision

— Difficulty in thinking clearly

— Dizziness

— Sleeping more or less than usual, or having trouble falling asleep

— Emotional signs like sadness, irritability, nervousness or anxiety

— Nausea or vomiting

— Difficulty balancing

The Mayo Clinic recommends you seek emergency care for head injuries if the patient experiences unconsciousness, disorientation or confusion immediately following the injury or after some time has elapsed.

HEALTH STUDY

Bystanders make difference for heart attack victims

The next time you wonder if being a good Samaritan can really make a difference, consider a recent Danish study of heart attack survivors.

According to a report in the New England Journal of Medicine, people who had a heart attack outside a hospital had a better chance of surviving and doing so without debilitating brain damage if bystanders performed CPR or defibrillation.

Researchers in Denmark studied 2,855 people who had survived an out-of-hospital heart attack by 30 days between 2001 and 2012. They found heart attack patients who got help from bystanders who witnessed the attack were less likely to experience brain damage or need nursing home care, and were more likely to survive than those who didn’t get help. Defibrillation lowered the risk of death and disability even more, researchers reported.

Researchers concluded the bystander intervention resulted in significantly lower risks, even when the bystanders were not medical professionals.

HEADACHE HELP

10 quick home remedies for tension headaches

Most everyone suffers from headaches occasionally. They’re the most common form of pain and the No. 1 reason we see doctors or miss work or school, according to Medline Plus.

While some indicate serious problems, the most common result from tight muscles in your shoulders, neck, scalp and/or jaw. Because overages of over-the-counter pain medications can pose health risks, consider these home remedies instead:

1. Place an ice pack or heating pad on the painful section.

2. Apply heat to the back of your neck.

3. Drink rosemary, ginger or clove tea.

4. Eat protein in case the pain is related to blood sugar.

5. Massage and stretch your shoulders, neck and scalp, perhaps using peppermint or lavender oil.

6. Exercise for 30 minutes.

7. Try a hot foot bath.

8. Drink a caffeinated beverage.

9. Nap, or just rest your eyes with damp tea bags on your lids.

10. Massage the spot between your thumb and forefinger.

— Brandpoint

PRESCRIPTION DRUGS

New migraine drugs close to approval

Several new drugs that are designed to prevent migraines have entered the final stages of testing and approval in the United States. The new drugs are the first to be specifically for migraine patients. The injectable drugs block a migraine-related protein called the calcitonin gene-related peptide or the receptor is acts on. Currently, most preventative migraine drugs have been repurposed from the original use, which also can create side-effects for patients.

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