A 15-year study by the Westmead Institute for Medical Research shows that an orange a day keeps macular degeneration away.

According to a report on the study at www.sciencedaily.com, “People who regularly eat oranges are less likely to develop macular degeneration than people who do not eat oranges.”

The institute’s researchers interviewed more than 2,000 Australian adults over age 50, following them for a 15-year period.

The findings were that the adults who had at least one serving of oranges a day had a 60 percent reduced risk of developing late macular degeneration 15 years later.

Lead Researcher Associate Professor Bamini Gopinath from the University of Sydney said the data showed that flavonoids in oranges appear to help prevent against the eye disease.


Where does your state rank?

The United Health Foundation’s 2018 America’s Health Rankings Senior Report dives into how where you live influences your health. The sixth annual report finds older adults in rural areas often experience poorer health outcomes and receive fewer preventive services than those in urban and suburban environments.

Health determinants are grouped into four areas: behaviors, community/environment, policy and clinical care. Utah was the top-ranked state for health and behavioral measures, ranking in the top five for smoking, drinking and physical activity categories. Pennsylvania made the most progress in behavioral measures, improving from 50 to 21 and seeing the largest increase in score.

Several states’ rankings moved five or more places since 2017. Iowa and Pennsylvania made the most progress, improving nine spots, while Arizona and Washington experienced the largest declines, dropping eight and seven ranks, respectively.

Visit www.AmericasHealthRankings.org to read the full report and explore how your state stacks up.


What to check before a bike ride

Follow these four steps, the ABC Quick Check, from the League of American Bicyclists and WorkingWell, before each bike ride:

— Air: Make sure you have ample air in your bike’s tires.

— Brakes: Check your brakes by applying pressure on the brake and dragging the bicycle forward. If your bike skids, your brakes work. Make sure your brake pads are not worn.

— Chain and cranks: Make sure your chain is not rusted or full of gunk and make sure cranks are not loose.

— Quick release: Inspect quick-release levers to make sure they are closed and on tight.

Then take a brief, slow ride to make sure your bike is working properly.


Children and anesthesia

Anesthesia ensures your child can safely receive life-saving or corrective surgery while managing pain and discomfort. The American Society of Anesthesiologists offers the following guidance for parents:

1. Don’t delay or avoid surgery: Work with your child’s surgeon and other physicians to determine if surgery is the right choice.

2. Talk to the physician anesthesiologist: Highly trained to ensure safe, high-quality care, they will monitor your child so he or she stays warm, gets enough oxygen, has stable blood pressure and receives necessary fluids. Questions to ask include:

— How can I ensure my child has a successful surgery?

— How can I help my child prepare?

— Is anesthesia safe for my child?

3. Rest assured that limited exposure is considered safe: Experts note a single, relatively short exposure to anesthesia and surgery is unlikely to have negative effects on behavior or learning.

For more information, visit asahq.org/kidschecklist.

— Brandpoint