On July 18, 1870, the First Vatican Council defines the Roman Catholic Church dogma of “papal infallibility.” Pope Pius IX convoked the Council in 1869 to deal with the rising influence of rationalism, liberalism and materialism, and with the primacy and infallibility of the Bishop of Rome. With a 433 to 2 vote, the Council adopted the the dogma of the infallibility of the pope when speaking “ex cathedra” (with the full authority of office). The adopted constitution states that the pope has “full and supreme power of jurisdiction over the whole Church.”

- More Content Now


July 11: St. Benedict Day (Catholic Christian)

July 13: Obon (Ulambana) (Buddhist)

July 15: St. Vladimir the Great Day (Orthodox Christian)

July 16: Asalha Puja Day (Buddhist)

July 24: Pioneer Day (Mormon Christian)

July 25: St. James the Great Day ( Christian)


“Chase Your Dreams: How Soccer Taught Me Strength, Perseverance, and Leadership” by Julie Ertz

World Cup–winning soccer player Julie Ertz inspires kids to lead a life of faith and virtue as she shares her own stories and the lessons she has learned in childhood and now in her illustrious playing career. Each chapter focuses on a character trait essential to success on and off the playing field. Children will discover the value of sacrifice, hard work, and having a good attitude. They will gain a trusted mentor in Julie, who encourages them through personal examples to be winners in life.

- Harvest House Publishers


ecumenism: A modern theological and social term referring to the effort to promote understanding and cooperation among diverse Christian groups.



According to the CIA World Factbook, the religious makeup of Paraguay is:

- Roman Catholic: 89.6%

- Protestant: 6.2%

- Other Christian: 1.1%

- Other or unspecified: 1.9%

- None: 1.1%

- More Content Now