RELIGIOUS EVENTS IN HISTORY

On Oct. 28, 312, Roman emperor Constantine defeats Maxentius at Milvian Bridge to take control of the Roman Empire. According to early Christian author Lactantius, before the battle “Constantine was directed in a dream to cause the heavenly sign to be delineated on the shields of his soldiers, and so to proceed to battle. He did as he had been commanded, and he marked on their shields the letter X, with a perpendicular line drawn through it and turned round thus at the top, being the cipher of Christ.” On his march to battle, Constantine is said to have had a vision in which “he saw with his own eyes the trophy of a cross of light in the heavens, above the sun, and bearing the inscription, ‘In Hoc Singo Vinces’ (‘with this sign, you shall win’). After a brief battle in which Constantine’s forces routed their opponents, the new emperor entered Rome on Oct. 29 and was met with cheers. Because of his victory and his belief in seeing the cross before battle, Constantine became the first emperor to stop the persecution of Christians and to legalize Christianity, along with all other religions and cults in the Roman Empire. Although Constantine is traditionally thought to have converted to Christianity soon after the battle, Christian authors state that he was over 40 when he finally declared himself a Christian.

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RELIGION CALENDAR

Oct. 27: Christ the King (Christian)

Oct. 27: Diwali (Sikh-Hindu-Jains)

Oct. 28: Milvian Bridge Day (Christian)

Oct. 28: Jain New Year (Jain)

Oct. 29: Reformation Day (Protestant Christian)

Oct. 31: All Hallows Eve (Christian)

Oct. 31: Reformation Day (Protestant Christian)

Nov. 1: All Saints Day (Christian)

Nov. 1: Samhain - Beltane (Wicca/Pagan)

Nov. 2: All Souls Day (Catholic Christian)

Nov. 10: Mawlid an Nabi (Islam)

GOOD BOOK?

“Something Greater: Finding Triumph Over Trials” by Paula White-Cain

Discover Pastor Paula’s strength throughout her inspiring faith journey as well as your own spiritual gifts as you read her honest and stirring story. Early in Paula’s life, she didn’t know God, but there was always a pull to something greater. Once she prayed for salvation at the age of eighteen, Paula finally understood the meaning of grace and purpose, and realized God had been taking care of her the whole time.

- FaithWords

THE WORD

papal nuncio: A Vatican diplomat with the rank of ambassador to a country that has official ties with the Vatican.

- ReligionStylebook.com

RELIGION AROUND THE WORLD

According to the CIA World Factbook, the religious makeup of Burma is:

- Buddhist: 87.9%

- Christian: 6.2%

- Muslim: 4.3%

- Animist: 0.8%

- Hindu: 0.5%

- Other: 0.2%

- None: 0.1%

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