RELIGIOUS EVENTS IN HISTORY

On Nov. 18, 1095, Pope Urban II opens the Council of Clermont and calls for Christians to bring aid to Christians in the East who were under attack by the Turks. Urban’s call to arms resulted in the First Crusade and the eventual capture of Jerusalem. With 200 bishops in attendance, Urban opened the council by first addressing corruption within the church and to remind the clergy to adhere to the laws of the church. He also called for the re-establishment of the truce protecting clergy from violence. In the second part of his speech, Urban turned his attention to the Holy Land and the violence some Christians had experienced at the hands of the Turks. To avoid further loss of territory and more widespread attacks on Christians, Urban urged the clergy to publish his call to arms to persuade people of whatever rank, both nobles and commoners, to go to the aid of the Christians under attack.

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RELIGION CALENDAR

Nov. 15: Nativity Fast begins (Orthodox Christian)

Nov. 23: Thanksgiving (Interfaith)

Nov. 24: Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahdur (Sikh)

Nov. 26: Christ the King (Christian)

Nov. 26 Day of the Covenant (Baha’i)

Nov. 28: Ascension of ’Abdu’l-Baha (Baha’i)

Nov. 28: Thanksgiving (Interfaith USA)

Nov. 30: St. Andrew’s Day (Christian)

Dec. 1: Advent (Christian)

Dec. 6: Saint Nicholas Day (Christian)

Dec. 8: Bodhi Day (Rohatsu) (Buddhist)

Dec. 8: Immaculate Conception of Mary (Catholic Christian)

GOOD BOOK?

“Dominion: How the Christian Revolution Remade the World” by Tom Holland

Crucifixion, the Romans believed, was the worst fate imaginable. It was this that rendered it so suitable a punishment for slaves. How astonishing it was, then, that people should have come to believe that one particular victim of crucifixion-an obscure provincial by the name of Jesus-had been a god. “Dominion” explores the implications of this shocking conviction as they have reverberated throughout history.

- Basic Books

THE WORD

Orisha: Pronounced “oh-REE-shah.” In the Santeria religion, it is an emissary of God who rules over human life.

- ReligionStylebook.com

RELIGION AROUND THE WORLD

According to the CIA World Factbook, the religious makeup of Aruba is:

- Roman Catholic: 75.3%

- Protestant: 4.9%

- Jehovah’s Witness: 1.7%

- Other: 12%

- None: 5.5%

- Unspecified: 0.5%

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