RELIGIOUS EVENTS IN HISTORY

On May 18, 1920, Karol Wojtyla, who later became known to the world as Pope John Paul II, is born in Wadowice, Poland. Wojtyla was ordained as a priest in 1946 and was later promoted to the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1964. Wojtyla was elected as pope in 1978 after his predecessor, Pope John Paul I, died after just 33 days in office. He took the name John Paul II as a tribute to John Paul I upon his election to the papacy. John Paul II was the second-longest serving pope in modern history and was the first non-Italian pope since the 16th century. John Paul II was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 different countries, and is recognized for helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe. He also beatified 1,340 and canonised 483 people during his papacy.

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RELIGION CALENDAR

May 21: Ascension Day (Christian)

May 23: Declaration of the Bab (Baha’i)

May 23: Eid al-Fitr (Islam)

May 29: Shavout (Jewish)

June 7: Trinity Sunday (Christian)

June 11: Feast of Corpus Christi (Roman Catholic)

June 14: Race Unity Day (Baha’i)

June 14: All Saints Day (Eastern Orthodox Christian)

June 16: Martyrdom of Guru Arjan Dev Sahib (Sikh)

June 19: Feast of the Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic)

June 20: Litha (Pagan and Wiccan)

GOOD BOOK?

“Religion and Medicine: A History of the Encounter Between Humanity’s Two Greatest Institutions” by Jeff Levin

Though the current political climate might lead one to suspect that religion and medicine make for uncomfortable bedfellows, the two institutions have a long history of alliance. From religious healers and religious hospitals to religiously informed bioethics and research studies on the impact of religious and spiritual beliefs on physical and mental well-being, religion and medicine have encountered one another from antiquity through the present day.

- Oxford University Press

THE WORD

nun: A woman belonging to a religious order, typically Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox. Nuns are also found in the Anglican/Episcopal, Lutheran and Buddhist traditions.

- ReligionStylebook.com

RELIGION AROUND THE WORLD

According to the CIA World Factbook, the religious makeup of Uruguay is:

- Roman Catholic: 47.1%

- Non-Catholic christians: 11.1%

- Nondenominational: 23.2%

- Jewish: 0.3%

- Atheist or Agnostic: 17.2%

- Other: 1.1%

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